The Iraqi maqam ensemble Angham al-Rafidain performs in Baghdad, 2010

The Iraqi maqam ensemble Angham al-Rafidain performs in Baghdad, 2010

Maqam refers to a vast domain of sophisticated art song and instrumental music that evolved in a variety of local and regional musical dialects in the Eastern Mediterranean, Iraq, Iran, Azerbaijan, North Africa, and Central Asia. Iraqi maqam is a distinctive style performed both by solo instrumentalists and small ensembles with song texts from classical and colloquial Arabic poetry.